High cholesterol causes

Although the topic what causes cholesterol to rise suddenly are varied, poor diet - rich in carbohydrates and fats -, family history and excess alcohol are the most worrying.

Cholesterol is popularly known as the fat in the blood. It is synthesized naturally in the liver and has 

very important functions, such as hormone production, for example. However, this excess substance can pose major health risks.

With that in mind, we've separated the top causes of  cholesterol to rise suddenly and ways to fight it. To learn how and keep your health up to date, read on!

Types of cholesterol

Cholesterol has an oil-like composition, and although it is present in the blood, it does not mix with it. 

Its transport occurs through 2 types of lipoproteins: low density (known as bad cholesterol, LDL) and high density (good cholesterol, HDL). 

The functions of this substance in the body are vital, and among them are:

contribute to the structure of the cell walls, regulating entrances and exits;
assist in the production of bile acids in the intestine;
assist in the production of vitamin D;
allow the body to produce certain hormones.
Cholesterol levels
LDL is known as bad cholesterol, because when in excess, it ends up lodging in the artery wall and causing risks of developing other diseases.

HDL cleans these arteries. For these reasons, it is necessary that the two are always balanced - with LDL at low levels and HDL at high levels - for the perfect functioning of the organism. 

But this is not always possible. Some situations can cause an increase in LDL and present risks, such as:

hypertension;
acute myocardial infarction;
cardiac insufficiency;
atherosclerosis (accumulation of fat in arteries);
diabetes;
Brain stroke.
Main causes
High levels of LDL (above 130 mg / dL) are harmful and may be associated with eating habits, physical inactivity and body dysfunction. 


High Cholesterol Causes :

1. Obesity and unhealthy eating

Foods containing cholesterol only cause a brief increase in cholesterol levels. If they are ingested in large quantities, the body's regulatory mechanism intervenes and body cholesterol is produced less. 

Carbohydrates, which cause an increase in cholesterol levels, are more dangerous.

A second cause is the excessive intake of fats through food with too little exercise. This leads to obesity and fat deposits on the walls of the blood vessels.

This is accompanied by a narrowing of the vessels, which can lead to stroke, thrombosis and infarction.


2. Under-active thyroid

An under-active thyroid gland slows down cholesterol, which increases the total cholesterol level. 

Another organic cause is the increased level with limited kidney function, which leads to a disturbance in the fat metabolism.

3.  Fat metabolism disorders

Such disorders are usually inherited, and they are associated with an increased cholesterol level.

In order to cause an increase, other factors such as unhealthy eating and insufficient exercise have to be added.


4Genetic defect

Due to a genetic defect, cholesterol levels are constantly rising in some people. Affected people lack receptors to which the cholesterol docks and through which it is absorbed into the cell. 
A large part remains in the blood permanently, which causes an increase in cholesterol levels.


5. Taking medication

Taking certain drugs increases LDL cholesterol and lowers HDL (among other things in women by taking the pill).

Cortisone and anabolic steroids also have a negative effect and significantly increase the LDL. 

Antidepressants and beta-blockers can raise blood cholesterol levels. This must be constantly checked by the doctor, if the health requires taking appropriate medication.

6. stress

Stress causes cholesterol levels to rise significantly; the mechanism responsible for this is not yet known. It is suspected that stress releases hormones that release more fatty acids and glucose.

These have to be transported to the required place in the body, which only works via the lipoprotein and simultaneous transporter protein LDL. Its value increases.

Also under discussion is the body's inability to independently lower cholesterol levels in stressful situations, for which stress-related inflammatory processes in the body can also be held responsible.

Other causes of an increase in cholesterol are a permanent lack of vitamin C, liver diseases and diabetes mellitus.

High cholesterol Symptoms

In general, the increase in cholesterol does not cause symptoms - and it is discovered only with a blood test. That is why it is important to keep up with routine consultations. 

However, excess cholesterol increases fat in the liver, and from there, signs and symptoms start to appear, such as:


  • bloating and tenderness in the abdominal region;
  • inflammation in the joints;
  • indigestion;
  • stuck intestine;
  • seasickness;
  • bad breath;
  • chest pains and headaches;
  • skin allergies ;
  • weakness.

Measures to combat it
When identifying the signs and symptoms of high cholesterol, the first thing to do is to seek medical attention . 

The monitoring of a specialist professional is essential for confirming the diagnosis and prescribing effective drugs for treatment.

However, other measures can be taken to combat high cholesterol levels. A balanced diet associated with the practice of physical activity will help to maintain the ideal weight and, consequently, decrease LDL cholesterol rates.

In addition, try to avoid eating foods high in fat and sugar, prioritizing fruits, vegetables and grains rich in fiber in your meals. 

Also reduce the use of oil, give preference to lean and white meats and avoid processed foods. Finally, abandoning harmful habits, such as alcohol and tobacco, is indispensable.

You were able to learn the main causes of high cholesterol and the most effective actions to fight it. 

Pay attention to your health and that of your family and keep your routine appointments up to date. 

After all, this is the best way to ensure everyone's safety and well-being!


Guide values ​​for the total cholesterol in the body
Classification

Cholesterol levels


Ideal value
less than 200 mg / dl
slightly increased
200 to 239 mg / dl
moderately increased
240 to 300 mg / dl
greatly increased
over 300 mg / dl
Guide values ​​for LDL cholesterolRisk profile
LDL values
Healthy without risk factors
up to 160 mg / dl
with risk factors
up to 100 mg / dl
after heart attack or stroke
up to 70 mg / dl
Guide values ​​for HDL cholesterolgender
HDL values
Women
at least 50 mg / dl
Men
at least 40 mg / dl


High Cholesterol Treatment:

On the one hand, there is a change in diet and more exercise in everyday life to lower cholesterol. On the other hand, there are drugs called statins that lower cholesterol in the blood.

In addition to simvastatin, the most commonly prescribed medications include lovastatin, atorvastatin and other medicines from the group known as CSE inhibitors. These remedies can be recognized by the 

suffix "statin", they are the standard in the fight against excessive cholesterol levels. Every new drug and the natural remedies from plant extracts have to be measured against simvastatin and co.

Statins block the body's production of fatty acids and especially cholesterol. Cells absorb LDL cholesterol, the level of which decreases in the blood.

 If the “bad” LDL is reduced, the proportion of “good” HDL cholesterol increases at the same time. The risk drastically reduces the risk of CHD or heart attack.

Statins also have an anti-inflammatory effect and stabilize vascular deposits. This reduces the risk of the vessel tearing off.

The cholesterol-lowering agents are well tolerated, rarely side effects such as muscle pain and small increases in liver values ​​occur to a tolerable degree.

If patients do not tolerate drugs from the statin group, ezetimibe is used, which inhibits the absorption of cholesterol from the small intestine. The body's own lipoprotein is increased, the total cholesterol reduction is only 15 to 20 percent.

Comparatively new are the PCSK9 inhibitors Evolocumab and Alirocumab, which have been approved since 

2015 and 2016 and prevent the breakdown of receptors for LDL in the liver. The receptors bind further LDL and "purify" the blood. The treatment effects are good, the costs extremely high: they are around 100 times the therapy with statins.


Other methods of lowering cholesterol

In addition to drug therapy, herbal medicines are used to lower cholesterol. These are based on the extracts of garlic and artichokes. They have little effect on lowering the body's fatty acids, but they help reduce the risk of CHD.

Dietary fiber also has a supporting effect, especially flea and flax seeds. The lipoprotein has been shown to decrease if additional dietary supplements made from oats and barley are taken, whereby the water-soluble fibers must reach a dosage of at least three grams per day.

 The much-vaunted omega-3 fatty acids, on the other hand, have little effect on cholesterol, but lower other fatty acids in the body.

Lowering values ​​about exercise and nutrition

If the cholesterol levels do not yet reach alarming levels, it can be counteracted by changing lifestyle habits. A healthy diet contributes significantly to lowering the values. However, if the diet is only switched to a low-cholesterol diet, the effects are limited - what counts is a balanced diet that does not simply avoid certain foods.

 In addition to the high values ​​of overweight, this must be reduced with a diet to reduce the risk of increasing arteriosclerosis and diseases of the cardiovascular system. For every ten kilograms of body weight lost, LDL cholesterol drops by 8 mg / dl. Goal: The BMI should be below 25.

The following measures help to bring the cholesterol level to an acceptable level:


1. Avoid sugar

The intake of sugar and simple carbohydrates must be reduced.

2. Avoid finished products

The proportion of animal fats in sausage products and dairy products is often enormously high, and this should be replaced by vegetable components.

3. Choose Mediterranean food

Increase the amount of fruits and vegetables in your diet. Vegetables are steamed in oil at best, fish supports this form of diet. 
Pay attention to fish species rich in omega-3 (e.g. salmon, halibut), these have a positive effect on the triglycerides in the body.


4. Eat walnuts

Walnuts lower cholesterol. The measure is a daily consumption of around 43 grams, which corresponds to a 
handful. The form of consumption (as an ingredient in food or pure) of the walnuts is irrelevant.


5. More movement

The proportion of exercise in the daily routine should be increased, this has a positive effect on the cholesterol levels. It's not about exercising, it's about moderate exercise and endurance sports. 

Nordic walking, cycling, swimming and hiking are particularly suitable for lowering cholesterol levels, strengthening the cardiovascular system and reducing health risks.


6. Relaxation

As stress is an important factor in increasing cholesterol levels in the blood, relaxation should not be missing when switching to a healthy lifestyle.

Active relaxation techniques such as yoga, Pilates and autogenic training support the body in taking a conscious break. Stress hormones are reduced, which has a positive effect on cholesterol levels.

Another helpful topic is : Type 2 Diabetes


9 Comments

  1. I have personally suffered health issues due to cholesterol. While reducing or managing cholesterol levels seem doable but we choose to ignore regardless of the hazards. Good article, very detailed for some to gain proper understanding of the issues and how to take care of them.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Helpful points shared to reduce the cholesterol level.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Every detail included.. Good work

    ReplyDelete

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